Ever get tired of being stuck in traffic? Did you get annoyed by the people slacking off behind the wheel while you have to be on time for work? Buses can come in handy during these times – but who invented the bus?
In the 18th century, local councils were responsible for running these services. Up until the invention of the motor-powered bus!
But who invented The bus then?
The one who invented the bus of today is:
Sir Goldsworthy Gurney
Sir Goldsworthy Gurney of Great Britain is the one who invented the bus in 1825.
Gurney was a pioneer of steam-powered vehicles and is also responsible for inventing the first mechanically propelled road vehicle, which he called the velocipede. He received a patent for his invention but later withdrew it.
He then worked with Sir Charles Dance, who improved on Gurney’s idea and called it the “road locomotive.” Gurney, who became known as “Steam Horse” Gurney, built a model of his invention to show off at London Stock Exchange – this is where he came up with the name “bus,” which now stands for ‘omnibus.”
The bus had wheels at one end and could seat four people between Hertford and London.
In 1828, a new company that used horse-drawn busses was formed in London for this transport case.
After that, more companies who continued to use horse-drawn buses were created – making the bus quite popular when it came to transportation during that time.
History of Buses
After the invention of the bus in 1825. the bus was still not what it is today.
Here’s a timeline of who invented the bus:
– 1825: Sir Goldworthy Gurney of Great Britain invented the bus and used horse-drawn busses to transport people between Hertford and London.
– 1828: The first company that used horse-drawn busses was formed in London. This was when more companies who continued to use horses started appearing for this transport case.
– 1716 – 1897: Horse Trams were introduced by John Pease. He ran stagecoaches from Darlington to Stockton with his wife Ann Teasdale on the 14th October 1716, running until 1897 until replaced by electric trams.
– 1898: Electric streetcars were introduced in Victoria who ran from Port Melbourne to Sandridge.
– 1887: The first electric tramway in the southern hemisphere was built-in Dunedin and ran from Mornington to the quarries at 91 Beach Street along routes that provided a smoother and more direct route than its steam-powered counterparts.
– 1897: In 1897, the first electric tram across the Sydney Harbour Bridge ran from Milsons Point to North Sydney.
– 1895: The first electric bus that ran from Aldwych to Fulham was made by Luton, who became a popular mode of transport in London between 1895 and 1952.
– 1892: Trams that run on roads were introduced by Werner von Siemens, who called it a “tramcar,” a vehicle that carried passengers who lived at Lichterfelde, who was Berlin’s suburbs. According to Thames Valley Buses, General von Siemens invented the “electric bus.”
-1906: The first motorized bus that ran from Shepherd’s Bush to Acton was introduced who became a popular mode of transport in London between 1906 and 1912.
1913: The world’s first diesel bus that ran from Leeds, introduced by Straker-Squire, who became the Daimler Motor Company who changed its name to Buses Ltd, was based out of Garford, Oxfordshire.
And after that came many more types of buses that all evolved into what we know of today’s bus system.
Types of Modern Buses
Modern buses come in many shapes and forms! Mainly, they come in two styles of busses which are:
Minibusses are, also known as midibuses, can be Stepped or Stretched and can hold up to 19-23 passengers depending on where you look. Minibusses who stand at about 5m long, 1M wide, and between 1.8-2.4 M high usually seat 8 additional standing passengers but sometimes they sit up to 12.
Minibusses are not as big as other buses, but they are still used for public transport in the UK, Asia, and Europe. They are prevalent because of their size, which can fit down small streets which regular-sized busses cannot.
The midibus is a ‘half-sized’ bus generally seats 16-24 passengers compared to standard-size coaches that may carry up to 52 seated passengers. Midibuses stand at about 7m long, 2M wide, and between 2.4-3M high with additional height added by boxes! The roof box usually is about 1.2m high on average, but some come with more than that.
Midibus can be found in the UK, Asia, and Europe, generally on suburban routes that connect local communities to regular-sized bus stops. They are also known for their slightly different stands, which are great at the front of the bus compared to minibusses! You get a lot more space, making it easier to get on and off the bus because you don’t bump into people.
Double Decker Buses
Double-decker busses are the most popular type of bus. They stand at about 12m long, 2M wide, and about 3M high. Double deckers typically seat between 61-65 passengers compared to standard-sized coaches that may carry up to 52 seated passengers, who are a lot less! Double deckers can be found worldwide and are mainly used for public transport in London, but they are also known to be used by other companies.
Single Decker Coaches
Single decker coaches are also quite famous nowadays because of their increased capacity over double-deckers combining both boarding areas into one large platform floor! This makes it easier for passengers to get on and off the bus. They stand at about 12m long, 2M wide, and between 3-3.2 M high.
Aerobus usually stands at about 12m long, 2M wide, and between 4-4.5 M high, NOT including their large roof box, between ~1M to 1.3M above the upper deck floor! Aerobus is single deckers with a low floor section in the middle of their length. They generally seat about 25 passengers but increase when they have luggage racks on both decks! Aerobus is mainly used for public transport around London, UK but can be seen further worldwide.
Double Decker Coaches with Bikes!
You may have seen some double-deckers with bikes on their decks and wondered why they do this? The reason behind them having cycles is that bicycles are allowed to be carried onto double-decker buses as long as there isn’t a lot of luggage already being brought. It won’t harm anyone to store one bike underneath the upper deck because it doesn’t take much room. If the bike takes up a lot of space, they will hold them in the ‘bike box,’ which stands at about 1M high by 1M wide by 2m long! This can be found near/above entrance 1 or 2, depending on where you board from.
There you go – now you know who invented the bus! You can find more facts about who created other things around you on the Who Invented page!